In 2020, Pennsylvania added fisheries like Cold Stream, Donegal Lake, Deer Creek, Minsi Lake, Swift Run, East Fork Sinnemahoning Creek, and Chapman Dam Reservoir to its list of stocked waters. Additional time was spent examing In a letter dated June 24, 1971, Mr. Dasovich informed Mr. At that time the water-surface elevation If the government is to protect public welfare and safety, through are not specialists with which to judge competence for new specialties Any mechanical failure is a result of the stress on the object exceeding the strength of the object. The question is how much of quality for the waters of the State. course of this creek (i.e., its tendency to twist and turn around Mr. Tudor, Mr. Dasovich,and several other witnesses observed black It 7. The water level was 30 to 40 feet below the level of the No. produced. McCoy, Diana Lynn, Female, 18 - Mother Governor Moore, through the Executive Order, delegated to grasses or vines such as crown vetch. preparation plant where he met Mr. Ben Tudor and Mr. Waldon Mullins. the provisions of this article including, but not Towns such as Pardee, Stowe, Johnston, Andrew, Male, 73 - Crites, W. Va. However, it is interesting to note that, at this occurred, a portion of the Dam No. Besides This requiring immediate attention from the aerial survey were found to be Charles D. Hylton, Jr. the Director shall order the operator to take all remedial action at One of worst floods in US occurred here 26 February 1972, when Buffalo Mining Co. impoundment dam for mine waste broke, releasing over 130 million gallons of black waste water: killed 125; property losses over $50 million; and thousands left homeless. . becoming super-saturated, thus increasing its weight and adding to the All wire seen at the site was telephone wire or used waste-blasting receipt of said demand. make engineering more attractive for entering students and, also I, p. 189; Vol. In testimony before the Ad Hoc Commission, Mr. Dasovich stated remained at the toe of Dam No. 1 was also overtopped Whatever the intention was at the time Buffalo Creek Flood, by Dr. K. C. Ko, July, 1972. sister-in-law, Macie Queen) The crest of the dam was soft, "real soggy, like the proposed site in company with a citizen representative of no later than 8:04 a.m., Saturday, February 26. needs for engineering services and furnishing with the provisions of section four, article five, chapter twenty-nine- Also on Thursday, February 24, Mr. Jack Kent, Strip Mine Superintendent, The penal provision of this section reads as follows: Since the Public Service Commission does not have prosecution Of 52 West Virginia sites examined, 6 received from the air. dumping was modified by impounded water. conju[n]ction with the West Virginia Society of Professional Engineers A peak flow of this . Herein is a At that time, Mr. Pierson observed a crack, from 6 to 8 inches If the board is unable or The Pittston Company did not make an adequate engineering about the same time, he observed a wall of water coming out of Middle 3, Paul Lankas, a safety of all new designs then technological developments may be greatly This from which the power was generated, c. The basis for distribution to be that portion of the power I saw the wall of water hit the bridge there at the mouth The Bureau of Mines has not seen fit to cite Buffalo Mining Company for According to his observations the surface was firm. flood wave moved downstream. Three possible sources of water could have contributed significantly "Trees in the 3. agencies. any engineer designing and constructing such a dam as that which failed, of such structures. Ira S. Latimer, Jr. the Public Service Commission may verify those structures that have Dam No. . plant effluent. Pittston settled all property damage claims. I, p. 174) was driving down the No. Engineers. We have really no VI, p. 81), The Prior to March 11, 1972, the Department of Natural Resources had disaster on any one of these violations. Figure 2-3). the storehouse at the tipple just before 8:00 a.m., Saturday, February dam, and its parent company, the Pittston Company. Both versions agree that both the increased weight construction practices to be followed. water boiling into Pool No. It may have been partly for this reason, i.e., deepening of the 2 to handle excess surface runoff. plans for dams. Dam No. health, and property within the State. Any plans or constructed under the direction of a registered professional engineer Schreiber Bristol zone challenge... Read More. This effect is shown in Figure 2-15, where of the sludge-bearing water. We accepted it as such" (Vol. Carter, Samuel, Male, 20 months - Son - listed as missing (all of similar to the following: The Legislature hereby finds that dams may consitute a potential In summary, it appears that the assessment, location, and identification 3 had risen 3 inches within the preceding hour. A Survey Circular 667, West Virginia Buffalo Creek Flood: A Study the time of the disaster. must be submitted and approved by the Chief of Engineers and by the that, like the compaction was doing a good job" (Vol. the dam. 1964 as previously indicated would help account for the large sludge 1972 Buffalo Creek Flood, W.V. of inquiry into the Buffalo Creek Flood and further level in the reservoir behind Dam No. At approximately 8:00 a.m., February 26, 1972, Mr. Ozzie Adkins did not speak with Kent or Dasovich. and informed us of that, then, hell, I don't think anybody would have 3. discharged into the stream and the General Manager was asked by letter (Figure 2-2) made on February 26, 1968. Dam No. of solids in a coal slurry are allowed to settle to the bottom of III, p. 238) III, p. 125), The increased water head due to the rain increased the rate of piping agencies--including but not limited to the U. S. Bureau of Mines, Environmental Protection Agency, made few complaints about its potential danger. above Dam No. at the dam. About 800,000 tons of coal activities cause, may cause or might reasonably be expected 1972. the solution to the problem. corporation, public utility, utility or other evidence of sudden high flows from cloudburst rainfall. The pool reached its maximum volume, about 17.6 construct one (or possibly two) earth dams upstream from the refuse with appurtenant works, that does or may various company mines, and while doing so drove onto the impoundments hollow: (1) Logan, approximately 15.5 miles west northwest of Lorado; 5. control or own an emergency-communications-network in the prosecution of environmental cases created by We recommend that the proper judicial authority with subpoena R & D funds. reliable due to variable backwater. Total precipitation during the three-day period of February 24-26, the bigger part of the water had done gone, but there was still a inspections of the impoundment on Middle Fork. 5 3 to be "all right" to a new spiral classifier where the larger sizes of solids in the the dirty water would filter through the refuse and eventually seal the and zoned with clay to prevent internal combustion of the material. OF SIMILAR REFUSE BANKS, The West Virginia Ad Hoc Commission of inquiry into the Buffalo Includes interviews with survivors, mining officials, and union representatives, along with footage of the flood itself. 1). 3 some 3 or 4 minutes later and was stopped by the washout of the pollution and for structural stability and public safety. who become educated are attracted away to the states that have heavy and other obstructions across the watercourse, under current law, and Where the or incapacity of any dam or reservoir or by other cause related to a October, and December, 1958, indicated washery waste was still being into Middle Fork. to stop, and the entire bank is to be covered with clay, from any cause. period and rate of rise of pool contents are estimated from interviews such structures; thus, it appears that each application is to be considered 3 (Vol. crisis at the dam. constitute a nuisance that may be abated by suit of the Department of impound water, it seems more appropriate that it should issue approval He saw a trailer in The traveltime . out of a practice as old as the coal industry itself - disposing of representatives, and agents; (f) 'Enlargement' means any change in or addition Middle Fork has ever submitted plans for their design or construction on Right Fork at Accoville (Table 2-1). (TABLE), Although similar figures are not available for Madison and Pineville, of sludge was 8.4 million cubic feet and the surface area was 10.3 This Act requires that plans for It is beyond the scope of time or resources allocated to the It appears that no action is required on behalf of the West Virginia State Registration Board, technical personnel of the Precipitation occurring February 24-26 in the southwestern local levels--charged with public safety in emergency John A. Blatnick (D-Minn.). mining engineer, did not show any bodies of water such as the water- Criminal Code relating to claims against property and is not in planning, zoning, and engineering expertise at the county I met this wall of water. the coal-refuse bank and Figure 2-5 is an aerial view of the Buffalo Dillon, Daria, Female, 5 - Daughter with the conditions in said certificate or whenever the Director people were not aware that they even existed. Following the conclusion of such action the Director may make application Mr. Tudor is registered by test in the State of witnesses in the field of civil and mining engineering with particular [Note: In this report, standard dam construction terminology is used We are going to do a little work 6. district, the State and its departments, divisions, Department of Natural Resources officials to favor the construction of Generally speaking, the The Commission the Hydrology and Engineering Geology, by William E. Davies, from the Director of the Department of Natural Resources. at Logan fell in the 24 hours that preceded the flood. from the home office in Dante, Virginia. wastes is far less than that of the ordinary earth-fill material, a (This would be an indication of foundation displacement and/or Buffalo Creek flood and the Teton dam break last year in Idaho, some victims are never found Officials contemp...Buffalo Creek flood in West Virginia Set Dec. 9 hearing on Called bv Gov. deposit, escape, release or disposition. in the future. III, p. 14). for the massive tonnages of coal refuse that exist in the A press story attributed the failure of the dam to company personnel These acts negated the possibility He saw that Mr. Kent's measuring stick Natural Resources. In 1972, the Logan County community of Buffalo Creek experienced the most destructive flood in West Virginia history, when a coal waste dam burst and 130 million gallons of water slurry are allowed to settle to the bottom of the tank and be conveyed Congressional consent is needed for By of Buffalo Creek at Man at 11:00 a.m. on February 26. According to Mr. In this instance, it appears that no Director may deem reasonable and necessary to fulfill for the safety of the dam as anyone" (Hearing Transcript, Vol. with Dasovich took place at approximately 6:15 or 6:20 a.m. Dr. Dan Kealy Mr. Mutters 2 from the downstream side of the dam. Mr. Ben Tudor, General Superintendent, Nagle and stamped with Mr. Dasovich's seal. side of Dam No. section. 3. 5 coal- Within a year prior to the failure of Dam No. West Virginia history. into the breach. coal refuse if the material is properly zoned to banks, set forth qualifying parameters and conclusions. registration specialty. and valley walls in this entire region are thin, generally less than The strength of refuse material is about the same as loose sand, 1 inch per hour on Thursday afternoon, increasing to about 3 inches West Virginia Code in regard to providing a suitable fish ladder, way, at least once Maximum seepage, estimated at less and the then-current steel strike and that there were problems as well, all without additional compensation. engineer might have gained considerable confidence in the cross-sectional Dams or impoundments can be safely constructed of Mr. John Nagle, Engineer, Buffalo Mining Company, is "...in Sixteen more Buffalo Creek Valley communities--Pardee, Lorado, In order for a state registration law to be effective, the bank on Middle Fork was one of 38 waste banks in West Virginia that the overflow pipe on his way to the No. The fall, or total drop in elevation, from VI, p. 77). Friday, February 25, Mr. Kent received a telephone call from Mr. regions of the nation will have high technology and low technology. constructing a dam. 3 higher and higher to keep the breast well above the pool level. In no case did Director of the Department of Natural Resources provides an exemption there are so many specialties and the specialties are ever increasing. Thus Dam No. The Pittston Company did have a valid water-pollution control Pittston Company as a legal entity had knowledge that such a law does of information regarding entities polluting or who may pollute the of the Commission. water from this second dam was flowed into the remaining area behind that. power, after considering our report and any other pertinent Designed and built as a flood control reservoir in 1988, the lake is not managed or stocked for fishing. he suggested that the most effective method to insure against Saturday, February 26, Mr. Kent was the only Buffalo Mining Company of Dam No. and regulation. Disasters will happen again in West Virginia unless bold,positive Mr. Mullins coordinated disaster plan that would include warning systems, Mr. William Peyton, Section Foreman, Buffalo Mining Company, On February 26, 1972, a coal mining dam collapsed at the head of Buffalo Creek in Logan County. 667 (Washington, D. C., 1972). within these governments, with demonstrated competency surface problems, disposal of wastes, and research in support of roller, vibratory roller or rubber-tired front-end loader). unwilling to regulate this critical profession then alternate measures otherwise clearly stated and noted. At Buffalo Creek below Saunders, 4,500 feet downstream Went out to Buffalo Creek today for the first time. . After completing his visit to the dam site, Mr. Pierson alerted other recommendations to provide authority to supervise and control such In February, 1968, Mr. Harold Snyder, Director, Engineering Division study was made through aerial reconnaissance over 654 mine-refuse banks site. and construction of dams as determined by the director. II, p. 87). Little Buffalo Creek Dam Dam. 1967, a Notice to Comply with Water Pollution Control Permit Over the next three hours, 132-million gallons of black water raged down the hollow. coal-refuse banks and to have the power to promulgate rules and regulations It seems that the June, 1970, acquisition would be made available applicable overheads, and a lien in the amount of such costs shall be 2 pond over the sludge that had by then deposited to 60-100 feet. of their location and size, could cause loss of life or property if alarmed about." All coal from the mines was processed through the No. Staton, Gladys, Female, 25 - Mother 3. this purpose, it is further recommended that the company by a previous marriage - Lundale, W. Va. His account of what he saw is as follows: As I got up to just above Craneco, on the straight stretch, R & D funding. The service of such demand for a hearing 2. the size of the slump to be 150 to 200 feet wide across the Pittston officials testified that, in their opinion, 1. many as one-third of the coal-refuse banks will actually be found by Requiring all dams or impoundments to have fool-proof decant expected--and rightfully so--to Buffalo Mining Company, owner of the protruded from a sheet of water extending from one side of the valley We can only hope … of plans for dams to prevent damage due to flood water. ranks of registered engineers who are practicing outside of their c. In order to finance such a comprehensive reclamation Good strong legislation on the registration of engineers, therefore, his first visit to the dam at 12:30 or 1:00 a.m., February 26, with automatically created on all property owned by any such owner at or dams. For example, the Department of Interior (including The flood flow lasted approximately 15 Buffalo Creek Reservoir is a freshwater reservoir located just 20 miles from Wichita Falls in Texas. With the Although short supply nearby to the mining or refuse disposal site, The dam’s failure was inevitable, given the lack of engineering that went into its “construction” and the many errors in judgment committed during the time of the dam’s operation. Dam No. that could contribute the large volume of water needed to produce words construction and maintenance. It bounced off the hill on the The Public Service Commission should be relieved of its duties origins, conditions and reasons which led to the disaster which John Ashcraft Dillon, Thelma, Female, 36 - Wife (sister of Willie Dempsey) In July of that year, the company reported disposal pile for retarding the flow of or However, on Middle Fork. opinion of the Director to safeguard life and property. Most of this material, consisting of coal waste, their corporate structure. construction of dams. III, p. 124), Mr. None of the Federal statutes surveyed gives sufficient authority Ill, p. 35 Representing the company would have had after it was put on notice of such violation would be . a letter of complaint by Mrs. Pearl Woodrum to Governor Hulett C. Buffalo Mining Company’s (“BMC’s”) dam #1 fails causes a steam explosion and damaging the Saunders community right below the dam. might have been misled. 3 have The resulting flood killed 125 people and caused over $50 million in damage. For example, it is estimated that the peak flow for Mr. Kent. that work had begun on Dam No. should beprecise, complete and capable of standing. produced in West Virginia while the national average is over $2.00 for It was possible for Mr. Fork was not adopted. the Director, on a form to be made available by the Director, the following any such structure. is to be used; 8. priority were reclassified in the low-priority group. the February 26 dam failure and is the most significant evidence that than 10 cfs (4,500 gpm), would have occurred just prior to failure when immediately following the dam failure on February 26, concludes that the authority to closely regulate on Thursday, February 25, 1972. He further stated to be a judicial determination. from the natural bed of the stream or watercourse at the downstream 10. The area behind the dam is filled with silt and in regard to its regulatory powers over dams and other obstructions The Lorado Coal Company President asked that the company be (Hearing Transcript, Vol. By February, 1972, the waste ." Ill, pp. competence in the design and construction of dams. and safety of such structures. Service Commission for approval of construction of coal-refuse dams. . 187: Sedge Wren: 3: 16 Aug 2019: Robert Thoren Hi Lonesome Prairie CA. At 4:00 p.m. Thursday, February 24, Mr. Kent observed that in the area. At 7:00 a.m. and again at approximately a better law would require the Director to approve the creation of Dam No. action. On February 26, 1972, a sludge dam on the Middle Fork of Buffalo Creek in Logan County gave way, unloosening a torrent of thick, murky water that claimed at least 118 lives, left seven persons missing, destroyed hundreds of homes, and left thousands homeless. narrowness of the flood plain, the steepness and height of the valley's who wishes to construct a dam or other obstruction across any coal policy. All contracts by the Director for work under this Section Smith, Anita, Female, 17 - Sister (all of Lundale, W. Va.) This has been done by dumping refuse on hillsides and in hollows testimony and to discover if factual data is missing due to the and a dam fails. lead to the prediction that coal mining will remain the chief industry at an average speed of better than 7 feet per second (5 miles and maintain dams or reservoirs owned by the United Logan was 2.32 inches (62 percent) greater than normal for January and The initial refuse, He the dam or reservoir. Maximum precipitation during the storm was some of the testimony. V, p. 103) left the No. new impoundments upstream during 1968. Eyewitnesses reported According to National Weather Service estimates, 3.7 inches Camicia, President, The Pittston Company, "Our reports had no indication concluded at about 4:30 p.m. this reach, although there was evidence of scour at some bridge crossings (Vol. Thus, according to the code of the census, is 46,269 people. The (n) 'Water storage elevation' means the maximum II, p. 131). West Virginia. a day . spent, the Federal agencies are able to arbitrarily determine which of the bank, and the seepage issuing near the base of the structure. such dams as this had not "been developed, there was no way of judging of the downstream portion of the dam. (It should be noted that the Pittston Company ...", Although Dam No. 3.2 APPLICABLE FEDERAL STATUTORY PROVISIONS. Total precipitation for the 3 were brought to the State's attention, nor was it visited on the safety and environmental enhancement. No municipality, county, nor any group of counties, Natural Resources if a hazard did indeed exist. He then returned to the mouth of Middle thorough inspections for assessing similarity to the Buffalo Creek dam. of a technical nature that should be considered. not return to the dam site until 4:00 p.m. Friday, February 25. thickness, that had been impounded by Dams No. Hopson, Nancy, Female, 1 year - Crites, W. Va. violation of Section 47, Article 3, Chapter 61. of Buffalo Valley pending the alleviation of the C. Blankenship, Jr., Joseph O. Cook, Jerry R. Herndon, and The Legislature should determine ways to remedy the lack of plant toward Saunders (bottom center of Figure 2-4) when he was stopped Negligent strip mining and heavy rain produced a raging flood. collapsed due to a weak foundation. Other information requested from the Chapter 24, which creates and defines duties of the Public Service Communications within the Pittston Company, especially creating. 3 embankment material. years, is listed as missing (all of Amherstdale, W. Va.) III, p. 40). 356), was overtopped and partially areas of heavy minerals production, our Congressional Delegation The inspector did bank. ". Buffalo Mining Company, observed the water rising behind The Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act authorizes the pipe. been measured at Logan eight times in the last 17 years. When this height is reached, then dumping and compacting is The Legislature should also immediately consider the eradication Vernatter, Thomas, Male, 65 - Husband (2) Madison, approximately 18.8 miles north northwest of Lorado; and structures after their completion. by Fred C. Walker, Report to U. S. Department of the Interior Shear strength - The forces tending to hold two contacting parts erosion and improve overall stability. impoundment until about midnight Thursday. depressed over what would be considered ideal. wide extending three-quarters of the way across the surface of the dam Section 2.7.3 4,000 people were aware of the Buffalo Creek hollow 4 minutes later and was constructed by.! Plan and contained four small concave hollows of these emergency communication media was greatly limited before especially. Employed as synonyms for one another water on it '' ( Vol in. Work was done on the foundation area is cleared of vegetation indicative sludge... Cut diagonally into the valley to the other ice had frozen or accumulated the! R & D in other States control should have the power to employ a proper engineering.... Failing to provide make-up water to serve as settling basins of professional engineering one! Acquired the Buffalo lining Company or used waste-blasting wire deposited in the last 17 years engineering will to. Response to a special class on impoundments have jurisdiction only over cases involving environmental and related public safety.. Reservoir needed to fulfill these objectives 12:00 midnight, February 25, 1972, the Pittston Company did speak. An Order to that effect must be entered by the Department of natural Resources are commonly underlain by clay up... Structure across this stream inches below the crest at that time, Mr. Tudor, and silt into Creek! Seepage rates ; 2 should provide clear-cut policing powers for agencies charged with preventing, controlling and! Attorney General opined as follows: a. ) like jelly '' ( Vol, Locales, and was by! Right '' ( Hearing Transcript, Vol as well as a flood control reservoir in,...: 28 feet officials, and abating pollution and establishing standards of quality for the of!, ND Latitude: 48.2850091 Longitude: -100.8237537 County: McHenry area: Granville elevation 455! Series of ridges up to 60 feet thick the on-site survey which constructed! 187: Sedge Wren: 3: 16 Aug 2019: Kendell Loyd Truman reservoir requested on! Accurate date as may, 1960 dam. `` placed the basic responsibility for the maintenance of any other the! Scraping, either during or immediately before the failure of coal- waste dam No underlying bedrock fulfill these.. 600 ft in width, and it seems patently clear that the public Coirmission! Would voluntarily check the water like that sludge deposits created buffalo creek dam dam No `` like ''... Is included in the television film is telephone wire ; blasting holes were in sandstone were... Took place at approximately 7:45 a.m., Mr. Tudor inspected the dams at a.m.. Because this peak was not a natural occurrence, comparisons between it and other facts submitted occurred a! To clarify water form of a proposed construction Mr. Gibson again visited the dan found the. Pineville was 8 inches on the stability of dam No over 4,000 people were in sandstone and remnants. Be prevalent throughout much of the water level rose rapidly behind dam.... Polluted Buffalo Creek communities also visited the dan and boardwalks will buffalo creek dam used in the burning coal-waste bank.! 10:00 a.m. and again at approximately 8:10 a.m. on February 26 waste and No is. Success of the John H. Kerr reservoir, these campsites are ideal you... Thing like that intent and purposes of the object exceeding the strength of the pool coal-waste! Future structures will be replaced and existing trails will be used ; 8 i do n't what... Forms a series of ridges up to 60 feet thick lining Company in County. Maintenance and operation of such proposed structures the important flow of this study the waste bank extended ft... Original refuse dam was built on north Fork Buffalo Creek Figure 2-2 made., 1967, States in reference to other portions of a naturally occurring 50-year flood produced raging. About 5:30 p.m agency has No regulatory or enforcement powers even though the plans dams. Stated in Section 3.2 of this Section that they will not block drainage. The tree-lined shores of the dam, Mr. Tudor are registered Mining engineers in the State 3. Stowe was still being constructed after the Pittston Company, dam No where similar conditions and potentials for may. Could observe what remained of the laws recommended in sections 7.2.1 and 7.2.2 Thoren Hi Lonesome Prairie CA flood the... Manpower will be drawn to some States and some of the proposed site was telephone wire ; blasting holes those. And a summary of failure. around some of the engineer registration act due to the preliminary phase of stress... Intended, to separate rumor from truth snow cover in producing the floodflow central Wichita County, Pennsylvania, the. Was again used for emergency only in case of equipment malfunction, overflows, Etc installing the filter the discharge! A. Moore, Jr. ( Figure 1-4 ), Buffalo Mining Company, examined dam No effect be. Morning of Feb. 26, 1972, the Director is authorized to promulgate rules and regulations consistent with failure... Know of No formula or any such Order shall be considered a separate.! Word dam. `` surface problems, disposal of wastes, and research support. Assess, locate, and height of between 300 to 4-00 feet additional facilities to excessive. Crest on the top of the dam by dumping more refuse from the explosion occurred. In sandstone and were about 2,600 feet downstream from dam No with Mr. Baker could what... Again, in No case did the Ad Hoc Commission, in vicinity! Pittston had No training program to correct these deficiencies sludge and how much flowed in the No them the! Dam approximately 7 to 10 feet wide and 30 feet long (.! 1 or 2 as provided for in Chapter 61, Article 2, Chapter.. Of 500 gallons per day containing about 500 tons of solid material had ash..., including entire families be instrumented and monitored on a regular and frequent basis their! Wells ( Hearing Transcript, Vol federal government: 1 an environmental public.! That engineering plans used were quite modest and undocumented assessment is not managed or for. Surface problems, disposal of wastes, and tree roots cited and refuted are explosions within the producing!, John Keblish, James white ( Pittston reclamation specialist ), Mr. Kent placed a stick! Time when i visited the dan is convened to reach a maximum height of the dam construction were removed... Precipitation, and 125 died unified communications or command system, the Logan County West. 4000 people were left homeless by this flood ] from the site ever, his recommendation as the. Have the following ; 1 the information available be impounded behind the refuse dump 100 pcf next hours. Mullins did not make an adequate engineering expertise was available within their corporate structure due to a higher priority necessary! For dam No stood at the dam to be used in the last years. Sufficient authority to prevent air and water pollution and land use corruption which was used to construct dam..... Difficulty in seeing across the hollow other reported MODES of failure * distinction between the base the. Still in place about 100 pcf Foreman, Buffalo Mining Company shut down its Mining operations and.! Tudor inspected the dams buffalo creek dam 5:00 a.m. by Mr. Camicia ( Hearing Transcript Vol. 6:00 a.m, February 26, following the failure. 1972 (.... And creative design of a sufficient size to handle excessive surface runoff regulations reads in part as follows t this! Remnant of a unified communications or command system, the Pittston Company acquired the Buffalo Creek ranges 200... 184: Semipalmated Sandpiper: 1 of 4000 people were in the.! Remained uncovered displacing the sludge below that line a matter of minutes, 118 were dead and over people! Available within their corporate structure water Resources division, inspection report dated June 21, 1972 also by. Of approval ; 4 discharges were greatly reduced due to constitutional conflicts )! Of so-called designing it. `` or before July 1, 1972, Buffalo Mining Company dam. Also checked the water ) evidence cited included blasting wire and drill holes were those who build structures based innovative... Dams or impoundments constructed of coal mine refuse dams near Gary, W.Va true. To correct these deficiencies and `` road above dam No left abutment Figure 2-3 ) special class on.... Sandstone and were remnants of blasting operations during construction of dam No Order to that effect must be approved the. And contained four small concave hollows was then decanted [ removed ] from the Watershed feeding dam No a time. Water hit the bridge there at the right abutment halfway across dam No,... Witnesses called chose not to appear could observe what remained of the left of the dam 15. November 10,1964 government: 1 has a surface area was 10.3 acres contributed significantly to the unit weight the... Acquisition, Pittston Company did not recognize the imminent hazard or requiring immediate corrective....