After a bruising, five-week campaign, Quebecers wanted to be heard — 85.6 per cent of eligible voters cast ballots. The bill was notorious to English-speaking Quebecers. Starting in 1976 it governed the province for long periods and twice tried to prise it away from the rest of Canada through referendums (in 1980 and 1995). It felt like the breakup of our family.”. Polls closed at 7 p.m. expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of Toronto The major change, he explains, was there were more jobs open to French workers and more houses available in Westmount at lower prices. She pays a visit to her husband’s grave. To order copies of Instead the negative reaction was directed at the church and the provincial government. “We were totally unaware that we were among the most privileged people in the world.”. There were a lot of myths about what happened and I realized I needed to challenge some of them,” he says. This video is unavailable. Language and identity were among Lévesque’s themes. Battered and bruised by decades of separatist governments, restrictive language laws and a modern-day exodus, the Jewish community of Quebec may finally have something to celebrate. Republication or distribution of this content is After losing the 1980 sovereignty referendum, the Parti Québécois shelves sovereignty. The three years that followed would see Lévesque reposition himself and his party as more than a movement of constitutional change. John Walker’s ancestors had come from Scotland and Ireland, and had considered Quebec home for 150 years on one side and 250 years on the other. The Quebec election has real-estate agents on both sides of the Quebec-Ontario border eagerly awaiting, as they say a PQ majority could see many Quebec homeowners flee to Ontario. Toronto Star articles, please go to: www.TorontoStarReprints.com, The Toronto Star and thestar.com, each property of Toronto Star It was a very emotional time for his father, a graphic artist who at age 52 found he could no longer get work. This website uses cookies to personalize your content (including ads), and allows us to analyze our traffic. Star Newspapers Limited and/or its licensors. More than 5,000 sovereignists “had gathered at Paul Sauvé Arena, to sing and chant and weep together,” Graham Fraser related in his 1984 book, PQ: René Lévesque and the Parti Québécois in Power. That’s when the first bombs went off in Westmount mailboxes near the school where John Walker’s grandmother taught. Copyright owned or licensed by Toronto Star Newspapers Limited. Many were well-educated young people fed up with political uncertainty, French-only language laws and public discourse often viewed as intolerant, if not outright anti-Semitic. We ask you to keep your comments relevant and respectful. “To me, the exodus was a story I wanted to tell. And there were many prominent Jewish families who made the move from Montreal to Toronto, included noted philanthropists like the Appel family. The only violence in the early days was over hockey: the 1955 riot at the Forum in response to the suspension of Maurice “Rocket” Richard. He campaigned for the leadership on a promise not to call a referendum if the PQ wins the next election, due in October 2018. The final result: No, 59.56 per cent; Yes, 40.44 per cent. There is already a minority which understands but they are imprisoned in propaganda; it’s not their fault. As Denys Arcand, the elder statesman of Quebec cinema, tells Walker on camera: “They couldn’t care less.”. For instance, there was a belief that only rich people from Westmount left and the total numbers were underestimated. Movies, especially Le chat dans le sac, a 1964 feature made at the NFB by Gilles Groulx, helped create a mythology, an identity and a back story for those who grew up in the province speaking and living entirely in French, while feeling surrounded by millions of others in North America who spoke only English. During the postwar period of the late 1940s and ’50s, the fundamental change of attitude for most French-speaking Quebec was not antagonism to English-speaking neighbours, at least not initially. show items. 1977 – The exodus of unilingual English speaking workers and businessmen, started with the … RELIGION. But everything was about to change, starting when he was an adolescent in the mid-1960s. The Montreal Gazette did a series on the anglophone exodus from the province of Quebec in the 1970's. It promises not to hold a referendum on independence if it wins the next election. Many provocative questions are raised in the documentary Quebec My Country Mon Pays, which will have its world premiere at Hot Docs on Saturday. Many of them took Highway 401 to Toronto. Many tempers flared during this time and … Instead, she’s laughing. Here are five key moments in Lévesque’s first mandate as premier: Vowing to call a referendum in his term, Lévesque, a charismatic figure, won power by a surprisingly large margin, taking 71 of 110 seats. “On a hockey rink, you quickly learn about French/English politics,” Walker explains. “I should be crying,” she tells her children. Michael Chang and Dan Shields gave you the cliché version. “My parents moved just before the 1980 referendum. “We realized we have no roots in Toronto,” Walker recalled in an interview the other day. This social justice movement unleashed dramatic cultural and political changes that led to the separatist movement, the FLQ terrorist crisis and, ultimately, the exodus of … “I had no idea why the French didn’t like us.”. In rapid succession, the community was rocked by the FLQ crisis of 1970, the election of a Parti Québécois government in 1976 and a referendum on independence in 1980, all accompanied by a steady exodus of more than 300,000 capitalists, workers, students and artists. It was by no means certain leading up to the 1980 referendum that the separatists would lose. … The arena erupted in an ovation that continued for well over five minutes, as if, in a final shout of emotion, the crowd could turn back the sea of No votes. Wives of Ukrainian Settlers, Val-d’Or, Quebec (courtesy Library and Archives Canada/PA-027486) 1945–1952: In the wake of the Second World War, millions of displaced Ukrainians sought refuge in Western Europe and North America. Quebec / English Exodus #494798 NBC Evening News for Wednesday, Jul 06, 1977 View other clips in this broadcast → Material supplied by VTNA may be used for educational analysis or research only. The next issue of Montreal Gazette Headline News will soon be in your inbox. Still, this was a quiet revolution. Montreal was their real home. But he reserved the right to call a snap election midterm if “the renewal of federalism were to lead to a complete impasse and (Ottawa) refuses to make a legitimate place for the fundamental interests of Quebec.”. Some had counted the PQ out after the stinging referendum defeat, but despite the rejection of “sovereignty-association,” Lévesque remained a heroic figure in much of Quebec. The film deals with exodus of English-speaking Quebecers that began in the 1960s and was accelerated by the 1976 Quebec general election. © 2020 Montreal Gazette, a division of Postmedia Network Inc. All rights reserved. Forty years ago, on Nov. 15, 1976, the Parti Québécois won power for the first time in a groundbreaking election. Many of … Sign up to receive daily headline news from the Montreal Gazette, a division of Postmedia Network Inc. Elsewhere in the province, most settlers lived along the shores of the St. Lawrence, but settlements were beginning to take root in the Laurentians, on the shores of the Ottawa, Saint-Maurice and Saguenay Rivers, and in the Eastern Townships. “I felt there were important things that hadn’t been talked about and I wanted to tell the story from our point of view.”. Their observation is right in terms of results. They were ready to embrace a new cause. The exodus started four decades ago and eventually close to 500,000 people who had considered Quebec their home for generations left the province. Comments may take up to an hour for moderation before appearing on the site. Okay. battle of the bays american tour 2017imperial bell quebec city 22/09/2017 Said to be grown from a packet of Sensi Seeds Skunk #1, it is known for its high yields, potency and distinct, overwhelmingly strong cheese-like odor. All Products. “We promise there won’t be a referendum out of respect to the majority decision of May 20,” Lévesque said. Availability. A key role was played by the National Film Board, and the NFB’s move from Ottawa to Montreal in 1956 resulted in the birth of Quebec cinema. This is attributed primarily to an exodus of anglophones to other provinces and raised questions about the sustainability of the community. Liberal leader Claude Ryan was a lacklustre campaigner. Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau was talking about unilaterally repatriating the constitution. Bothell, WA | 22.5 km. Liberal opposition leader Gérard-D. Lévesque warned “that the legislation was sowing the seeds of social and economic trouble across Quebec, ‘which, though I don’t wish to see come about, I cannot escape fearing.’ Westmount Liberal MNA George Springate called on all Quebecers to stay in the province and ‘fight for their rights, try to legally overthrow this undemocratic government that just does not listen.’”. The sense we are left with is that she feels overwhelmingly comforted by the awareness of being home at last. This was helped by Bourassa’s physical awkwardness and his stilted speaking style and the cascade of sca… A welcome email is on its way. As for Lévesque, he “went out of his way in a most conciliatory speech to assure the world that ‘nowhere have I felt in our inmost hearts any spark of hostility or spirit of revenge against anyone whatsoever’ in the formulation of the legislation,” the Gazette reported. This copy is for your personal non-commercial use only. For years, Bussee had hoped the ministry would help "cure" his homosexuality, but three years after founding Exodus, he had a change of heart. Walker’s older sister, Joanne, returned to Montreal after a short stay in Toronto and is fiercely committed to staying put where she feels she belongs. And were francophone nationalists moved by the despair and melancholy of Anglos who felt they were being turned into second-class citizens, no longer welcome in the only place that felt like home? We apologize, but this video has failed to load. Everything that Montreal has dealt with since 1976 – lower immigration and foreign investment than Toronto – … At the time of Confederation, the province consisted only of the southern part of what is known as modern-day Quebec. That is their only merit. Finally. By a strong majority, it also promised not to make sovereignty a major theme in the next election campaign. “What Lévesque knew — and, in an emotional way, sometimes felt himself — was how Quebec’s language legislation flowed from the fears that among the profoundest elements in Quebec history: fear of assimilation, fear of humiliation, fear of loss of control of society and loss of identity,” Graham Fraser wrote in his book about the PQ. Between 1971 and 1981, the English-speaking population of Montreal declined by nearly 100,000; over the next 20 years – which included another referendum in 1995, that only kept Quebec … Looking at old family pictures now, Walker sees an innocence in his own boyhood face. Assouline said buyers fear property values will plummet amid an exodus of residents from the mainly English-speaking areas such as after the 1976 election, the first time the PQ took power. And that was the place the filmmaker’s father was returned for burial. All Products; Edible; Pickup. Join the mailing list to receive daily email updates, Nov. 15, 1976: Parti Québécois victory shakes Canada. Overview. The Mutasarifiate brought new challenges: The new political regime allowed free trade, which led to an influx of European goods into the Lebanese market. Let’s discuss actual economics. John Walker, a veteran National Film Board of Canada director and writer, was among them and so were his parents. tap here to see other videos from our team, 49 per cent of the overall vote and 80 of 122 seats. And the young generation isn’t interested in the old French-English conflicts” that sparked an exodus of people, capital, and businesses when the separatist Parti Quebecois won election in 1976. Five months after the referendum loss, the PQ’s national council met in Montreal and voted not to hold another plebiscite if the party is re-elected. We encountered an issue signing you up. Ironically it was this federal agency that enabled francophone nationalism to reach the point at which radical nationalists proud of their French heritage and language came close to breaking Canada apart. There was an error, please provide a valid email address. Walker’s parents and his younger sister stayed in Toronto. But one thing is certain: It is French Quebec which is the majority and which will decide in this election.”. Before long, the PQ government introduced Bill 101, making French the only official language of the province. In the 1973 election, the Union Nationale was effectively wiped out. “It was a place where intellectuals and artists could get work,” says Walker. 365 Bloor Street East, Toronto, Ontario, M4W 3L4. Watch Queue Queue Stores that carry Exodus Cheese near me (change) Filter. to colleagues, clients or customers, or inquire about Furthermore, Beirut’s population, which had quadrupled between 1830 and 1850, doubled between 1865 and 1920, as a result of the internal exodus from the over-populated Mount Lebanon area. In 1976, Michael Bussee helped found the "ex-gay" group known as Exodus International. Four days into the 1981 campaign, Lévesque told a crowd in St-Hyacinthe that Liberals wanted to “bring us back to the most humiliating period in our past, when we let ourselves be walked over.”, Warning about the risk of electing Liberals in both Ottawa and Quebec City, Lévesque concluded: “I have nothing against our English-speaking friends. Them, ” Walker recalled in an interview the other day of Mount Royal, where was. No, 59.56 per cent ; Yes, 40.44 per cent of the community to Joseph. 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