SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT & ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION. A short summary of this paper. The sustainability in environmental restoration programme considers the following key issues: (ii) Conservation and rational exploitation of forest resources. For example, eradicating poverty is accompanied by more intensive farming methods; the rising middle class leads to more industrialization and/or growing cities. (ii) The intensive and extensive extraction of both renewable and nonrenewable resources. Some of the long term results of global warming are as follow: (i) Melting of polar ice with a resulting rise in sea level and coastal flooding. The second concept focuses on balancing of economical, social and ecological goals which include the basic needs like health, literacy, democratic values etc. As a result of depletion of the ozone layer, more ultra violet (UV) radiation comes to earth causing damage to living organism. (viii) Extraction of ground water in excess of the recharge capacity. (v) There should be strict implementation of environmental laws. (ii) Generation of wastes should remain within the absorption capacity of the environment. Environment is defined as the total planetary inheritance and the totality of all resources. 1. Terms of Service Privacy Policy Contact Us. are examples of the abiotic component of the environment. (iii) Renewable resources should be extracted on a sustainable basis, that is, the rate of extraction should not exceed rate of regeneration. (i) The input of matter and energy should be reduced up to their limiting values. For the sustainable development, the following points should be considered. If these two conditions are not fulfilled, then environmental crisis occurs. The revision notes help you revise the whole chapter in minutes. (ix) Poverty of the agriculture-dependent people. The various reasons for environmental crisis are as under: (i) Population explosion and advent of industrial revolution. Sustainable development is the development that meets the needs of the present without compromising on the ability of the future generations to meet their own needs. which provide basic requirements of human being. Summits such as the Earth Summit in Rio, Brazil, 1992, were major international meetings to bring sustainable development to the mainstream. (iv) Check on pollution. Sustainable development is the organizing principle for meeting human development goals while simultaneously sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services on which the economy and society depend. (vi) Steps should be taken for the conservation of forest, conservation of biodiversity, recycling of wastes, control of pollution etc. It makes important advances in areas such as transparency, non-discrimination, public … This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Environment and Sustainable Development Notes MODULE - 8 Contemporary Economic Issues 102 influence each other in nature. Kerala Plus One Economics Notes Chapter 9 Environment Sustainable Development. (ii) Use of cleaner fuels: LPG, Gobargas in rural areas and CNG in Urban areas. In other words, sustainable development is the development that meets the needs of the present without compromising on the ability of the future generations to meet their own needs. According to WCED, sustainable development may be defined as a process of changes in which the exploitation of resources, direction of investments, the orientation of technological development and the institutional changes are in harmony and enhance both current and future potential to meet human need as aspiration. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT & ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION. These are the Environment and Sustainable Development class 12 Notes Economics prepared by team of expert teachers. There are three pillars of sustainable development namely community development (which includes providing basic needs like food, shelter, clothes, health, education etc. ), (v) Maintenance of sustainability in agriculture. NCERT Solutions, NCERT Exemplars, Revison Notes, Free Videos, CBSE Papers, MCQ Tests & more. All living elements-the birds, animals and plants, forests, fisheries etc. Sustainable development considers the impact of environmental changes and tries to minimise the impact. (iv) The population growth should be slow down which will reduce stress on global life support. sustainable development goals were at an early stage and thus still evolving. Main features of sustainable development is as under: (i) Sustained rise in Real per Capita Income and Economic welfare. … What is Sustainable Development? (v) Recycle the wastes (vi) Public means of transport. These notes will certainly save your time during stressful exam days. (i) Environment supplies resource (both renewable and nonrenewable resources) for production. Non renewable resources are those which get exhausted with extraction and use. The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), also known as the 'Earth Summit', was held in … SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT & ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION. Download CBSE class 12th revision notes for Environment and Sustainable Development class 12 Notes Economics in PDF format for free. Board investigate, collect and disseminate information relating to water, air and pollution, lay down standards of sewage/trade effluent and emissions. The Sustainable Development Goals are a call for action by all countries – poor, rich and middle-income – to promote prosperity while protecting the planet. Ozone depletion refers to reduction in the amount of Ozone (a protective layer) in the stratosphere. (ii) Technological progress should be input efficient and not input consuming. It includes all the biotic and abiotic factors that influence each other. The best app for CBSE students now provides Environment and Sustainable Development class 12 Notes Economics latest chapter wise notes for quick preparation of CBSE exams and school-based annual examinations. (vi) Indiscriminate use of agrochemical such as fertilizers and pesticides. with undesirable or harmful materials like foul gases, smoke, poisonous chemicals, etc. Findings: The World Conference on Environment and Development (WCED) has emphasized on the insistence of issues and challenges of sustainable development. Governments, industry, non-profits, and environmental agencies all have different definitions of environmental sustainability and approaches to the issue. energy, environment, and sustainable development, and discusses the relevance and applications of smart technologies in these fields. A new blueprint for international environmental action. (ii) The exhaustible and polluting fossil fuels should be replaced by less harmful renewable energy. Other articles where Sustainable development is discussed: environmental law: Sustainable development: Sustainable development is an approach to economic planning that attempts to foster economic growth while preserving the quality of the environment for future generations. myCBSEguide provides sample papers with solution, test papers for chapter-wise practice, NCERT solutions, NCERT Exemplar solutions, quick revision notes for ready reference, CBSE guess papers and CBSE important question papers. (i) Problem of pollution. It includes all the biotic and abiotic elements that influence each other. (ii) Problem of excessive … Absorptive capacity of the environment means the ability of the environment to absorb degradation. Revising notes in exam days is on of the best tips recommended by teachers during exam days. 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